Latin words in English
English has borrowed several words and phrases from Latin. Many of them have also become an integral part of English.
Here is a brief list of Latin phrases in English.
Ad hoc – formed for a particular purpose
An ad hoc committee has been set up to study the situation.
Ad nauseam – to discuss something ad nauseam is to repeat it to the point of boredom.
The harmful effects of social media have been discussed ad nauseam.
Bona fide – real or genuine
She is a bona fide expert on the subject.
Caveat emptor – let the buyer beware
Used to suggest that the responsibility to ensure the quality of a product rests with the buyer
Circa – around
De facto – in reality or in fact
Ex gratia – out of kindness or grace
The employees who had been laid off received an ex gratia payment.
A court order that instructs that a person who is under arrest be brought before a judge
In situ – in its original place
In vitro – taking place outside a living organism
For example, in vitro fertilization takes place in a test tube.
Per – for each
Per annum – for each year
Per capita – for each person
Per se – intrinsically, in itself/themselves; Post-mortem – medical examination of a body after death
Sine qua non – something that is indispensable
Status quo – the existing state of affairs Terra firma – land
Verbatim – in exactly the same words
Versus – against
Vice versa – the other way round