Archive for August, 2011

Position of focusing adverbs

August 18th, 2011 in English Grammar

Focusing adverbs point to one part of a clause. Examples are: also, just, even, mostly, mainly, either, neither, or, nor

Focusing adverbs usually go in mid-position with the verb.

Position of adverbs of frequency

August 18th, 2011 in English Grammar

Adverbs of indefinite frequency say how often something happens.

Examples are: always, ever, usually, normally, often, frequently, sometimes, rarely, seldom, never etc

Adverbs of indefinite frequency usually go in mid-position.

Gerund and infinitive

August 14th, 2011 in English Grammar

Gerunds and infinitives are often interchangeable, both as subjects and objects of verbs. Compare:

Smoking is injurious to health.
To smoke is injurious to health.

Idioms with call

August 13th, 2011 in Expressions

Call a spade a spade
When you call a spade a spade you speak directly and precisely.
Only the courageous can call a spade a spade.
Call into question
To call into question is to challenge the accuracy or probity of something.
We shouldn’t call her sincerity into question.
We can’t call her qualifications into question.
Because of her poor performance, we had to call her competency into question.

Not only … but also

August 11th, 2011 in Improve English

Not only…but also has a similar meaning to as well as. In this structure not only and but also go immediately before the words or expressions that they modify.

The three types of TOEFL

August 10th, 2011 in TOEFL

Paper-based TOEFL
Until 1998 everybody had to take the paper-based TOEFL test. It has three parts – listening comprehension, reading comprehension and grammar. Answers had to be marked with a pencil. The maximum score you could get in the TOEFL PBT was 677.

Computer based TOEFL

The computer based TOEFL test was introduced in 1998. The maximum points you can score in the TOEFL CBT is 300.

Nouns with countable and uncountable forms

August 9th, 2011 in Improve English

Many nouns have both countable and uncountable uses. There is usually a difference of meaning.