Some Grammar Terms
A word which comes after the word or phrase it modifies.
In the following examples, the bracketed items are post modifiers:
- people (invited)
- too hot (to eat)
- warm (enough)
- persons (unknown)
- a better woman (than I am).
A premodifier is a word that comes before the noun it modifies. In the following examples, the bracketed items are premodifiers:
- (very) interesting
- (nearly) finished
- an (invited) audience
Adjectives placed after a verb like be, seem, look are in predicative position.
- This shirt is red.
- She looks happy.
- I am worried.
An affix which precedes the material it is added to.
Examples include the re- of rewrite and the un- of unpleasant.
An affix which follows the material it is attached to.
Examples include the –ness of happiness, the –ly of slowly and the –th of warmth.
A kind of noun which is a name denoting a particular person, place or thing.
In English, proper nouns are written with initial capital letters, and most of them do not take articles.
Examples are: Alice, John, India, Egypt etc.
But proper nouns denoting historical events and periods, as well as certain others, often do take the article.
Examples are: The French Revolution, The Stone Age, The Nile, The United States etc.
That form of an adjective or an adverb expressing the highest degree.
For tall, the superlative is tallest; for good, it is best; for beautiful, it is most beautiful; for carefully, it is most carefully.