As and though
Though is a subordinating conjunction. It is used to connect two contrasting ideas.
- Though the house is new, it requires a lot of repairs.
- Though she is rich, she doesn’t like to spend her money.
- Though he was angry, he said nothing.
- Though she worked hard, she couldn’t win.
- Though the journey was difficult, it wasn’t dangerous.
In all of these examples, though introduces a statement which makes the other statement seem surprising.
Even though has a similar meaning to though. It is used to connect two highly contrasting ideas or facts.
- Even though I didn’t know anybody at the party, I had a nice time.
- Even though she has a master’s degree in English, she can’t write a decent essay.
As and though
As and though can be used in a special structure after an adjective or adverb. In this case, they both mean ‘although’.
- Tired though she was, she went to work. OR Tired as she was, she went to work. (= Although she was tired, she went to work.)
- Much though I respect your views, I can’t agree. OR Much as I respect your views, I can’t agree. (= Although I respect your views, I can’t agree.)
- Bravely though they fought, they couldn’t win. OR Bravely as they fought, they couldn’t win. (= Although they fought bravely, they couldn’t win.)
- Rich though she is, she doesn’t help the poor. OR Rich as she is, she doesn’t help the poor. (= Although she is rich, she doesn’t help the poor.)