To talk about place, we use the following prepositions.
In is used to talk about position inside large areas and in three-dimensional space.
- He is in his room.
- She grew up in a large town.
- We went for a walk in the woods.
- Put the money in the box.
Use on to talk about position on a line or a surface.
- There is a spider on the wall.
- Stratford is on the river Avon.
- He put the books on the table.
On can mean ‘attached to’.
- There are quite a few mangoes on the tree.
Use at to talk about position at a point.
- The old man sat at the corner.
At is sometimes used with a larger place, if we think of it as a stage on a journey or a meeting place.
- She got off when the train stopped at the next station.
- I met her at a club.
Note that in is also possible in these cases.
Higher than a point
To indicate position higher than a point, we use the prepositions over and above. Usually they are both possible in most cases. However, in some cases there are subtle differences between the two.
- He jumped over the wall.
- Hang that photo above the sofa.
Lower than a point
To talk about position lower than a point, we use under, underneath, beneath and below.
- This part of the city is below sea-level.
- We rested in the shade beneath the branches.
- The whole village was under water.