Some common conversational structures
I’d rather + (verb)
This structure is used to suggest that you would like to do one thing more than another. In informal speech I would is pronounced as I’d.
- ‘Would you like something to drink?’ ‘I’d rather have something to eat.’
- I’d rather stay here than go home.
- I’d rather write than phone.
- I’d rather do it myself.
- I’d rather exercise than lie in the bed all day.
- I’d rather consult a doctor than live in fear.
I can’t help + (verb-ing)
If you say that you can’t help doing something, you mean that you can’t stop yourself from doing it.
- I can’t help worrying about her.
- I can’t help thinking about her.
- I can’t help loving you.
- I couldn’t help eating those cookies.
- I can’t help working all the time.
- I can’t help remembering the things he did to me.
- I can’t help eating so much.
I am / was busy + (verb-ing)
When you are busy you have much to do. The structure I was busy is followed by an –ing form. It is used to talk about activities that keep you occupied.
- I’m busy working.
- She’s busy getting ready for work.
- She’s busy cooking dinner.
- I’m busy cleaning the house.
- She’s busy studying for the test.
Instead of an –ing form, we can use with + noun after I’m busy.
- I’m busy with my studies.
- She’s busy with her kids.
- I’m busy with work.