Grammar review: types of sentences
There are four types of sentences in English.
- Declarative or assertive sentence
- Exclamatory sentence
- Imperative sentence
- Interrogative sentence
A declarative sentence makes a simple statement.
Declarative sentences are of two types – affirmative sentences and negative sentences.
- She is my sister.
- He works at a family.
- Birds live in nests.
- We don’t have pets.
- I don’t know the answer.
- I didn’t do anything.
A declarative sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
An exclamatory sentence expresses a sudden emotion.
- How beautiful she is!
- What a lovely evening!
- How disgusting!
An exclamatory sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with an exclamation mark.
An imperative sentence expresses a command or request. Note that in imperative sentences, the subject is not usually mentioned.
- Come here. (Here the subject ‘you’ is not mentioned, but it is understood.)
- Keep quiet.
- Get me that file.
- Sit down.
Note that the subject of an imperative sentence is always the pronoun ‘you’.
Imperative sentences begin with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
An interrogative sentence asks a question.
- What is your name?
- Who is he?
- Where are you going?
- Are you coming with us?
- Does she work here?
An interrogative sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.