The smallest unit of word structure.
For example, dog consists of a single morpheme (dog), doghouse consists of two morphemes (dog) and (house), happiness consists of two morphemes (happy) and (-ness), and recrystallized consists of four morphemes (re-), (crystal), (-ize) and (-ed).
A particular morpheme may appear in more than one shape; these variant forms are the morpheme’s allomorphs. For example, the morpheme sane has one allomorph in sane and insane, but a different one in sanity.
The term lexical verb refers to any verb which is not an auxiliary.
Examples are: try, run, dance, sing, write, speak etc.
•He must have arrived now.
In the sentence given above, the lexical verb is arrived, while must and have are auxiliaries.
The term oblique object (also object of a preposition) refers to a noun or noun phrase which follows a preposition.
There is a cat on the roof.
What is on at the cinema this week?
I like walking in the rain.
A sequence of one or more words which forms a single grammatical unit.
The old man sat in the corner.
The boy stood on the burning deck.
He was dead tired.
There are five principal types of phrases in English – noun phrase, verb phrase, adjective phrase, adverb phrase and prepositional phrase.