Talking about seasons

For people living in the Northern Hemisphere, there are four seasons. These are:

Spring (March 21 – June 21)
Summer (June 22 – September 21 or 22)
Autumn / fall (September 22 to December 20)
Winter (December 20 – March 20)

In American English, the words autumn and fall are both used. British people tend to use the word autumn.

Remember that in writing, we do not capitalize the names of seasons. However, we capitalize the names of months and days.

She is like a winter’s day.

We met on a wet Friday in June.

Rome is lovely in spring.

It looks like it is going to be a very hot summer. We had better buy an air conditioner in July.


The names of seasons can be used with or without the.

I love winter best. OR I love the winter best.

In American English the is always used in the structure in the fall.

To talk about particular springs, winters etc., we use the.

I did hardly anything in the winter last year.

Time Expressions with Months and Seasons



When speaking about months and seasons in general, we use in.

They got married in the winter.

We play a lot of cricket in the summer.

She was born in June.

We use on to talk about specific days during a month.

I met her on a Friday.

They got married in May.


Note that English seasons usually refer to the Northern Hemisphere. They are different in the Southern Hemisphere. For example, in the Southern Hemisphere, the summer season extends from December 20 to March 20.

The seasons that are experienced in the Americas are different from those experienced in many other parts of the world. For example, in India only there are only three seasons: summer, rainy season and winter.