Words Commonly Confused (Similar Sound) – Part I

November 18th, 2009 in Vocabulary, Words

Whether and weather

Whether is a conjunction used to introduce alternatives.

Omission of the Articles: Cases Where Articles are Not Used

November 17th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The articles are not used:

1.    Before proper, material and abstract nouns used in a general sense:

London, France, Tom, gold, rice, honesty, virtue

Uses of the Definite Article – Part II

November 17th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The definite article the is used:

6.    When we refer to the imaginary geographical lines:

The Equator, The Tropic of Cancer, The Tropic of Capricorn, The Longitude, The Latitude

Uses of the Definite Article

November 17th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The definite article the is used in the following cases:

1.    When a singular noun represents a whole class.

Copular Verbs

November 16th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Some verbs require a word or phrase after them to complete their predicate. This word or phrase which completes the predicate of a verb is called its complement. A verb which joins a subject with its complement is called a linking or copular verb. Such a verb is also called a verb of incomplete predication.

Direct and Indirect Objects

November 16th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Read the sentences given below:

I wrote a story.
She sang a song.
He broke the window.

Here the nouns story, song and window are the objects of the verbs wrote, sang and he respectively.

More on Sentence Agreement

November 16th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Rule 1

The verb must agree with its subject in number and person. In other words a singular subject should be followed by a singular verb. Similarly, a plural subject should be followed by a plural verb.