Kinds of Adverbs
November 21st, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English
There are three kinds of adverbs – Simple, Interrogative and Relative. The vast majority of adverbs belong to the first group; there are very few adverbs of the second and third types.
Simple adverbs are of very many kinds:
Adverbs of Time
These adverbs answer the question ‘when’. Examples are: tomorrow, today, yesterday, now, then, never, soon, already, ago, formerly, lately etc.
We are late.
She died two years ago.
I wrote to him yesterday.
Have you seen him before?
May I leave now?
I will soon return.
He will come tomorrow.
I have warned him already.
I haven’t read anything lately.
Adverbs of Place
These adverbs answer the question ‘where’.
Examples are: here, there, upstairs, downstairs, everywhere, nowhere, in, out, inside, away.
We have been living here for several years.
I searched for him everywhere.
They went upstairs.
May I come in?
She came forward.
I decided to go there.
Adverbs of Frequency
These adverbs answer the question ‘how often’. Examples are: again, frequently, always, seldom, hardly, often, once etc.
You are always welcome.
I have gone there only once.
We visit them frequently.
I often go there.
Adverbs of Number
These adverbs answer the question ‘in what order’.
Examples are: firstly, secondly, lastly, once, never, twice etc.
I have seen him only once.
Secondly, I can’t afford to buy it.
Adverbs of Manner
These adverbs answer the question ‘in what manner’. Examples are: slowly, carefully, terribly, seriously, well, pleasantly, really, thus etc.
The soldiers fought bravely.
I was terribly upset.
He is seriously ill.
She was pleasantly surprised.
She can speak English well.
Adverbs of Degree or Quantity
These adverbs answer the question ‘how much’ or ‘in what degree’.
Examples are: much, very, fully, partly, little, enough, so, rather etc.
He is quite strong.
She is very beautiful.
I am fully prepared.
My work is almost finished.
This is good enough.
You are absolutely right.
He is entirely wrong.
He was rather busy.
Adverbs of reason
These adverbs answer the question ‘why’.
Examples are: therefore, hence, thus, consequently etc.
He did not work hard, therefore, he failed.
Consequently he refused to come.
Adverbs of Affirmation or Negation
Examples are: surely, yes, no, certainly etc.
I will not come.
We will certainly help you.
Note that when used alone yes or no represents a whole sentence.
Will you come? Yes. (= Yes, I will come.)
Have you finished the work? No. (= No, I haven’t finished the work.)