December 26th, 2009 in English for children
Joining two sentences with a present participle
Two sentences can be made into one by using a present participle.
We found the door open. We went inside.
Finding the door open we went inside.
The thieves cut through the padlock. They opened the door.
Cutting through the padlock, the thieves opened the door.
She drove very fast. She arrived just in time.
Driving very fast she arrived just in time.
The lightning flashed very vividly. It struck the tall building.
Flashing very vividly the lightning struck the tall building.
He disguised himself as a cleaner. He entered the bank.
Disguising himself as a cleaner he entered the bank.
Joining two sentences using a past participle
Two sentences can be made into one by using a past participle. Study the following examples carefully.
The car was damaged in the accident. It needed a new door.
Damaged in the accident, the car needed a new door.
He was deceived by his friends. He lost all hope.
Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope.
We were aroused by the dog. We knew someone was around.
Aroused by the dog, we knew someone was around.
I was impressed by his performance. I congratulated him.
Impressed by his performance, I congratulated him.
He was driven by hunger. He killed himself.
Driven by hunger he killed himself.
Using a preposition and whom or whose
Two sentences can be joined into one by using a preposition with whom or whose. Study the following examples.
The boy is very friendly. We played with him.
The boy with whom we played is very friendly.
I played chess with a visitor. He was a good player.
The visitor with whom I played chess was a good player.
We sat beside a woman. She was very old.
The woman beside whom we sat was very old.
The boy is my friend. We swam in his pool.
The boy, in whose pool we swam, is my friend.
I rode on John’s horse. John watched me closely.
John, on whose horse I rode, watched me closely.
I sent a present to my aunt. She received it yesterday.
My aunt, to whom I sent a present, received it yesterday.
She received a letter from a boy. She knew the boy at school.
She knew the boy at school from whom she received a letter.