December 2nd, 2013 in English Learning
We usually use a to-infinitive to report requests, advice, promises etc.
Form: verb + pronoun + to + infinitive
Note that we can use a variety of reporting verbs in this manner.
Study the examples given below.
Direct: ‘Could you please show me where the post office is?’
Indirect: She asked me to show her where the post office is / was.
Direct: ‘Could you lend me your pen?’
Indirect: She asked me to lend her my pen.
Direct: ‘Don’t come on Monday. I will be busy’
Indirect: She told me not to come on Monday as she would be busy.
Note that in negative structures, not goes before the to-infinitive.
Direct: ‘Don’t pluck the flowers.’
Indirect: She told us not to pluck the flowers.
Direct: ‘Will you keep quiet?’
Indirect: He told me to keep quiet.
Direct: ‘Don’t go out now. It is very late.’
Indirect: She told them not to go out because it was very late.
Direct: ‘I will call you as soon as I reach home.’
Indirect: She promised to call me as soon as she reached home.
Instead of a to-infinitive, you can use a that-clause. Note that to-infinitives are not possible after suggest and say.
She said that she would call me as soon as she reached home.
Direct: ‘You should find a job.’
Indirect: She suggested that I should find a job. OR She advised me to find a job.
Direct: ‘Be careful.’
Indirect: I told her to be careful. OR I told her that she should be careful.
Direct: ‘I will baby-sit tonight.’
Indirect: She has offered to baby-sit tonight. OR She says that she will baby-sit tonight.