January 24th, 2012 in English Grammar
A complex sentence can be converted into a simple sentence by reducing a subordinate clause into a word or a phrase.
Study the following examples.
By reducing a noun clause into a phrase
A complex sentence can be converted into a simple sentence by reducing a noun clause into a noun phrase.
Complex: I know that he is an honest guy.
Simple: I know him to be an honest guy.
Complex: We could not figure out what he said.
Simple: We could not figure out the meaning of his words.
Complex: I believe that God exists.
Simple: I believe in God’s existence.
By reducing an adjective clause
Complex: Those that are helpless deserve our pity.
Simple: The helpless deserve our pity.
Complex: The statue that is made of marble was bought from Jaipur.
Simple: The marble statue was bought from Jaipur.
Complex: We saw trees that were laden with fruits.
Simple: We saw trees laden with fruits.
By reducing an adverb clause into a phrase
Complex: They took shelter under a tree because they were driven by the rain.
Simple: Driven by the rain, they took shelter under a tree.
Complex: He lost all hope because he was deceived by his own friends.
Simple: Deceived by his own friends, he lost all hope.