Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech – Part II

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Direct: The Father said, ‘Son, did I not ask you to study hard?’
Indirect: The father enquired of his son if he had not asked him to study hard.
Direct: My father said to me, ‘Where were you last night?’
Indirect: My father demanded of me where I had been the previous night.
Direct: She said, ‘Friend, will you wait for a moment?’
Indirect: She asked her friend if she would wait for a moment.

Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech

December 10th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

There are two main kinds of interrogative sentences. Those which start with an auxiliary verb and those which start with a question word such as what, why, when, where, how etc.

Rules for the Change of Adverbs in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Besides the changes in the tenses and the pronouns, words expressing nearness in direct speech are changed into words expressing distance in indirect speech. The rules are as follows:

Rules for the Change of Pronouns in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

First person pronouns in the direct speech change according to the subject of the reporting verb in the indirect speech.

Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules for the Change of Tenses

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

We have seen that when the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses inside the quotation marks will change into their corresponding past tenses in indirect speech. Study the example sentences given below.

Direct and Indirect Speech Part I

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Words spoken by a person can be reported to another person in two ways. These two ways of narration are called direct speech and indirect speech.

Direct speech

Active and Passive Voice Quiz II

December 7th, 2009 in English Quiz

Fill in the blanks with suitable verb forms.

1.    The house ———————- by the masons.

a)    Is being built
b)    Has being built
c)    Is been built
d)    Is being building