Substituting a Gerund for an Infinitive

November 2nd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Both the gerund and the infinitive are verbal nouns. In many cases it is possible to substitute a gerund for an infinitive.

Read the sentences given below:

The Gerund or Verbal Noun

November 2nd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Read the sentence given below.

Reading is my hobby.

Participle Exercise

November 2nd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Combine the following pairs of sentences by using participles.

Forms of the Participle

November 1st, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Forms of the participle

The participle can be in the active or passive voice.

Examples of present participle in the passive form are given below.

Uses of the Participle

November 1st, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Present Participle As an object complement

The present participle can be used as an object complement placed after the object.

He kept me waiting.
I found the child sitting outside.

The Participle – Part I

November 1st, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Read the sentence given below:

Seeing the dog the child ran away.

Future Tenses

October 31st, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL

Simple Future or Future Indefinite Tense

Affirmative
I will/shall write.
He will/shall write.
They will/shall write.

Negative
I will/shall not write.
He will/shall not write.
They will/shall not write.