Introductory It – Part II

November 24th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

When the subject is a clause

When the subject is a clause, the sentence usually begins with it. So instead of saying ‘That he was once a communist is true’, we say, ‘It is true that he was once a communist’.

Introductory It

November 24th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

When the subjective is an infinitive phrase

We begin a sentence with it when the real subject is an infinitive phrase. So instead of saying, ‘To accept your advice is difficult’, we say, ‘It is difficult to accept your advice’.

Introductory There

November 24th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The structure there + to be is very commonly used to say that something exists. There is normally an adverb of place. But the introductory there does not have any adverbial sense and is merely used to introduce the sentence.

Kinds of Prepositions – Part II

November 23rd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The common types of relations indicated by the prepositions are that of place, time, manner, cause, reason, purpose, instrumentality, possession, contrast etc.

Prepositions of place

Kinds of Prepositions

November 23rd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Prepositions are of five different kinds:

1.    Simple prepositions
2.    Compound prepositions
3.    Double prepositions
4.    Participle prepositions
5.    Phrase prepositions

Simple Prepositions

Correct Use of the Present Perfect Continuous Tense

November 23rd, 2009 in Common Mistakes, English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about an action that started in the past, has continued up to the present and is still continuing.
Structure: Subject + has/have + been + -ing form of the verb + object/complement/adverbials etc.

Correct Use of the Present Perfect Tense – Part II

November 22nd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Common Errors with the Present present tense

‘Where is Alice?’ ‘She has been to the market.’ (Wrong)
She has gone to the market. (Right)

Explanation