Archive for the ‘ESL’ Category

Reporting an Imperative Sentence Beginning with Let

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Imperative sentences beginning with let are different from other imperative sentences. Sentences beginning with let express ideas such as a suggestion, proposal, request, wish, determination, desire etc.

Changing an Imperative Sentence into the Indirect Speech

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Imperative sentences do not normally have an expressed subject. This is because the subject ‘you’ is usually understood. As a result of this, imperative sentences begin with a verb in the simple present tense.

Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech – Part II

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Direct: The Father said, ‘Son, did I not ask you to study hard?’
Indirect: The father enquired of his son if he had not asked him to study hard.
Direct: My father said to me, ‘Where were you last night?’
Indirect: My father demanded of me where I had been the previous night.
Direct: She said, ‘Friend, will you wait for a moment?’
Indirect: She asked her friend if she would wait for a moment.

Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech

December 10th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

There are two main kinds of interrogative sentences. Those which start with an auxiliary verb and those which start with a question word such as what, why, when, where, how etc.

Rules for the Change of Adverbs in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Besides the changes in the tenses and the pronouns, words expressing nearness in direct speech are changed into words expressing distance in indirect speech. The rules are as follows:

Rules for the Change of Pronouns in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

First person pronouns in the direct speech change according to the subject of the reporting verb in the indirect speech.

Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules for the Change of Tenses

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

We have seen that when the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses inside the quotation marks will change into their corresponding past tenses in indirect speech. Study the example sentences given below.