Archive for the ‘ESL’ Category

What are Phrases and Clauses?

December 15th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Read the following groups of words

On the river, of great wealth, in the bottle, every now and then, how to do it

Changing an Exclamatory Sentence into the Reported Speech

December 13th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Exclamatory sentences express a sudden outburst of some emotions such as joy, sorrow, contempt, regret, surprise etc. Common explanatory phrases are given below:

Reporting an Imperative Sentence Beginning with Let

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Imperative sentences beginning with let are different from other imperative sentences. Sentences beginning with let express ideas such as a suggestion, proposal, request, wish, determination, desire etc.

Changing an Imperative Sentence into the Indirect Speech

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Imperative sentences do not normally have an expressed subject. This is because the subject ‘you’ is usually understood. As a result of this, imperative sentences begin with a verb in the simple present tense.

Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech – Part II

December 11th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Direct: The Father said, ‘Son, did I not ask you to study hard?’
Indirect: The father enquired of his son if he had not asked him to study hard.
Direct: My father said to me, ‘Where were you last night?’
Indirect: My father demanded of me where I had been the previous night.
Direct: She said, ‘Friend, will you wait for a moment?’
Indirect: She asked her friend if she would wait for a moment.

Changing an Interrogative Sentence into the Indirect Speech

December 10th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

There are two main kinds of interrogative sentences. Those which start with an auxiliary verb and those which start with a question word such as what, why, when, where, how etc.

Rules for the Change of Adverbs in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Besides the changes in the tenses and the pronouns, words expressing nearness in direct speech are changed into words expressing distance in indirect speech. The rules are as follows: