Archive for the ‘ESL’ Category

Direct and Indirect Speech Part I

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Words spoken by a person can be reported to another person in two ways. These two ways of narration are called direct speech and indirect speech.

Direct speech

Active and Passive Voice – Future Tense

December 6th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Simple Future Tense

Active: Subject + will/shall + first form of the verb + object
Passive: Object of the active sentence + will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Active and Passive Voice – Past Continuous and Past Perfect Tense

December 5th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Past Continuous Tense

Active and Passive Voice – Simple Past Tense

December 4th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Active sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure:
Subject + past tense form of the verb + object
Passive sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure:
Object of the active sentence + was/were + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Active and Passive Voice – Present Perfect Tense

December 4th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Active sentences in the present perfect tense have the following structure:
Subject + has/have + past participle form of the verb + object
Passive sentences in the present perfect tense have the following structure:
Object of the active sentence + has/have + been + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Active and Passive Voice – Present Continuous Tense

December 4th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Active sentences in the present continuous tense have the following structure:
Subject + is/are/am + -ing form of the verb + object
Passive sentences in the present continuous tense have the following structure:
Object of the active sentence + is/are/am + being + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence.

Active and Passive Voice: Tense-wise Rules

December 3rd, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Simple Present tense

An Active sentence in the simple present tense has the following structure:
Subject + first form of the verb + object