Archive for the ‘ESL’ Category

Rules for the Change of Pronouns in Indirect Speech

December 9th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

First person pronouns in the direct speech change according to the subject of the reporting verb in the indirect speech.

Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules for the Change of Tenses

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

We have seen that when the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses inside the quotation marks will change into their corresponding past tenses in indirect speech. Study the example sentences given below.

Direct and Indirect Speech Part I

December 8th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Words spoken by a person can be reported to another person in two ways. These two ways of narration are called direct speech and indirect speech.

Direct speech

Active and Passive Voice – Future Tense

December 6th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Simple Future Tense

Active: Subject + will/shall + first form of the verb + object
Passive: Object of the active sentence + will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Active and Passive Voice – Past Continuous and Past Perfect Tense

December 5th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Past Continuous Tense

Active and Passive Voice – Simple Past Tense

December 4th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Active sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure:
Subject + past tense form of the verb + object
Passive sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure:
Object of the active sentence + was/were + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Active and Passive Voice – Present Perfect Tense

December 4th, 2009 in English Grammar, English Learning, ESL, Improve English

Active sentences in the present perfect tense have the following structure:
Subject + has/have + past participle form of the verb + object
Passive sentences in the present perfect tense have the following structure:
Object of the active sentence + has/have + been + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence